Metal–Organic Framework-Based Nanomaterials for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution

Yangyang Liu, Yihan Wang, Shenlong Zhao*, Zhiyong Tang *

Small Methods 6(10), 2200773, (2022)

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/smtd.202200773

Abstract

Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is an energy-determined half-reaction for water splitting and many other energy conversion processes, such as rechargeable metal–air batteries and CO2 reduction, due to its four-electron sluggish process. 

To reduce the energy consumption and cost of these advanced technologies, various transition metal-based nanomaterials, like metal oxides/hydroxides, nitride, and phosphide are synthesized.

Among these, metal–organic framework (MOF)-based materials are considered as the ideal candidate for the fabrication of efficient OER electrocatalysts owing to their unique physicochemical properties. In this review, the fundamental catalytic mechanisms and key evaluation parameters of OER in acidic and alkaline media are presented first. 

Then, design strategies for MOF-based OER catalysts and research progress in the study of the structure–performance relationship are summarized. Subsequently, the recent research advances of MOF-based OER electrocatalysts in alkaline, acidic, and neutral electrolytes are overviewed. Finally, current challenges and future opportunities are provided under the frame of materials design, theoretical understanding, advanced characterization techniques, and industrial applications.